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"Integration of learning is the demonstrated ability to connect, apply, and/or synthesize information coherently from disparate contexts and perspectives, and make use of these new insights in multiple contexts. This includes the ability to connect the domain of ideas and philosophies to the everyday experience, from one field of study or discipline to another, from the past to the present, between campus and community life, from one part to the whole, from the abstract to the concrete, among multiple identity roles—and vice versa."

(Barber, 2012, in press)




Connection



Find a common thread between concepts or experiences that remain distinct;
identifying similar elements, foundation, or characteristics.

Application



An idea or skill learned in one context is used in a different context; similar
conceptually to transfer of learning. Often appears as use of a high school
skill or knowledge in college.

Synthesis



Two or more ideas or skills are brought together to create a new whole;
combining knowledge to enhance understanding and gain new insights.

The wiki format allows learners to connect, apply, and synthesize concepts easily using an assortment of media: web links, photos, text, video, and audio. As such, a wiki can be utilized in higher education settings to promote students’ integration of learning in a way that is both interdisciplinary (Boix Mansilla, 2005; Lattuca, 2001) and intercontextual. The wiki also allowed students to readily incorporate personal reflection, communication, photographs, etc. and make the material meaningful to them. Situating learning in the learners’ lived experience in this way has been identified as a way to enhance student learning and promote student development (Baxter Magolda, 2001).